Managing waste wisely

Cottesloe FOGO – Progress and Frequently Asked Questions

40% of general waste now diverted to FOGOCottesloe’s performance with the new FOGO bins has been exceptional!  In the first six months of the service, the red-lidded general waste bins were 40% lighter than they were before FOGO. That’s 40% less waste going to landfill!

Since mid-2022, your GO bin has been a FOGO bin, meaning you can put your food waste in the same lime green-lidded bin as your garden organics. 

We’ve answered some commonly asked questions below to help you FOGO well.

What is FOGO?

FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics and refers to the collection of food scraps and garden vegetation from your lime green-lidded bin.

Food organics are collected separately in the kitchen in your provided kitchen caddy, to easily separate organics from general waste and recyclables. Simply place your food waste in the FOGO bin with your garden organics instead of your general waste bin.

Once your FOGO bin gets collected, it will travel to a FOGO processor that will process your food and garden organics into high quality compost over a number of weeks. This helps to increase recovery rates and send less waste to landfill that can be much better used to create quality compost for our parks and gardens. And the more food and garden waste we save from landfill, the less greenhouse gases are produced – Good effort.

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Why are we moving to FOGO?

Transitioning to FOGO removes all food waste from the red lid general waste bin and keeps it out of landfill.

Food and garden organics produce methane, a harmful greenhouse gas, when trapped in landfill conditions, harming the atmosphere and our environment. FOGO waste will become compost instead.

The WA State Government requires all local governments in Perth and Peel to move to FOGO by 2025 (houses, not apartments yet)

How will the new FOGO service work?

Households going FOGO will maintain a three-bin system, but the GO bin will become a FOGO bin.

This transition allows you to add food scraps and garden vegetation to your lime-green lidded bin. Participating households will also receive a kitchen caddy and liners to hold food scraps until they are tipped in the FOGO bin. If you don’t receive a caddy, your property is not eligible for FOGO yet.

Your FOGO bin will be collected weekly.

Your red-lidded general waste bin and yellow-lidded recycling bin will be collected on alternating weeks.

What is the difference between GO and FOGO?

GO (Garden Organics) bins are only used for lawn clippings and garden vegetation. These materials were mulched and available to residents of WMRC Member Councils for free.

FOGO (Food Organics Garden Organics) bins can accept garden organics and food scraps. These materials combined will be taken to a FOGO processing location to be composted into Australian Certified compost.

Free mulch will still be available to residents.


What can go in the FOGO bin?

These items are accepted in your FOGO bin:

All food organics including:

  • Vegetable and fruit scraps
  • Meat and bones
  • Seafood
  • Eggshells
  • Teabags and coffee grinds
  • Dairy products
  • Take away food (no containers)

Garden waste:

  • Grass clippings
  • Pruning, cuttings, trimmings
  • Twigs and sticks
  • Palm fronds
  • Weeds

Some other compostable items, including:

  • Animal droppings
  • Kitty litter (all kinds)
  • Hair
  • Cardboard products with food oil on them (e.g. greasy pizza box bases) – clean cardboard should go in your recycling bin.
  • Tissues, paper towel and shredded paper.

Good work!

What can’t go in the FOGO bin?

If it didn’t live or grow, it’s not FOGO.

Please keep these items OUT of your FOGO bin:

  • Recycling bin items
  • Soft plastic (bread bags, garbage bags, bubble wrap, shopping bags, etc.)
  • Plastic
  • Gardening products (plastic plant pots, garden hoses, seedling trays, garden tools, etc.)
  • Nappies
  • Personal hygiene products
  • Treated and painted timber
  • Metal
  • Glass
  • Textiles (e.g., old clothing or cloth nappies)

Not sure what waste goes where? Visit Recycle Right A-Z Directory and put your waste in the right place.

Why should we keep rubbish and recyclables out of the FOGO bin?

By putting only food organics, garden organics and certified compostable products in the FOGO bin, we can produce a high quality end-product – contaminants like plastic, metal and glass can degrade the quality of the end product. A high-quality compost from FOGO derived materials is safe for use on our parks and gardens, helping to keep our food and garden waste in the circular economy.

Good stuff

FOGO processing plant
Who will get a FOGO service?

Initially, the FOGO service will only be available properties without shared bins.

It is expected that multi-unit dwellings (apartments) will transition to FOGO from 2025.

Member Councils will be moving to FOGO at different times. Currently only Town of Cottesloe residents will transition to FOGO in 2022, with other councils transitioning by 2025. Town of Cottesloe residents who are eligible for the FOGO service will receive a letter from the Town in the weeks leading up to June 2022.

It is important that if you are not in Cottesloe, but within a WMRC Member Council, you continue to only put garden organics in your green lidded GO bin. Please keep food, paper, cardboard or compostable products out as they will contaminate the GO system.

How do I line and use the kitchen caddy?

As part of the FOGO roll-out, each household will receive a kitchen caddy. The caddy is a counter-top style bin with a lid and handle, to keep in your kitchen for collecting food scraps. Each household will also receive 2 rolls of 75 certified compostable liners which can be used to line the kitchen caddy – these will break down during the composting process.

To use the caddy, insert a compostable liner and start collecting your kitchen scraps inside. Each liner should last for 2 to 3 days in the caddy before starting to break down. Liners are not necessary to use but do keep the caddy and FOGO bin cleaner. Any moisture will speed up the rate of degradation, so keep your FOGO caddy and liners in a dry place. Alternatively, newspaper can also be used, or the food scraps can go directly in your caddy or bin. Tie the caddy liner and place in your FOGO bin. Put out the FOGO bin for weekly collection on your normal bin day – Good work.

If you would like to purchase more caddy liners at the supermarket, look for the symbol (below) that indicates that it is certified compostable, otherwise they cannot be used. Town of Cottesloe residents can also purchase additional liners from the Town of Cottesloe Administration Centre.

Can I use plastic bags?

No! Please don’t use plastic bags in your FOGO bin as they contaminate the compost.

Degradable and biodegradable bags are not suitable for composting either – caddy liners need to be certified compostable (Certified Compostable AS4736 or Certified Home Compostable AS5810) to break down in the organics facility and create a quality compost without the chemicals found in plastic.

How green are compostable plastics? - Renew

Look for these certifications when purchasing compostable caddy liners.

Will collection days change?

Your weekly collection day will stay the same, but which bins are collected will change. The FOGO bin will be collected weekly, and the recycling and general waste bin collected on alternate fortnights.

Will bin sizes change?

Bin sizes may change to align with the recommendations for transitioning to FOGO. This may be a 240L lime green lid FOGO bin, a 240L yellow lid recycling bin and a 140L red lid general waste bin.

But my red general waste bin isn’t big enough. What can I do?

Putting food waste in your FOGO bin is likely to reduce the waste going in your general waste bin.

This means you only have items like general household rubbish like hygiene products, nappies, plastic bags, polystyrene & soft plastic going in your general waste bin.

The good news is there are lots of easy ways to reduce what goes in your general waste bin. Try

Of course, creating less waste in the first place is the best way to reduce bin waste.  Download these factsheets or attend one of our Waste Watchers Workshops to find out how you can live a full life with less waste.


If I already have a compost system at home, do I need a FOGO bin?

Yes. The new three bin FOGO system will be the standard waste service provided to WMRC Member Council residents. We encourage you to continue to compost at home, however, you can use your lime green lidded FOGO bin for food items you can’t put in your home compost bin, like bones, meat and seafood.

Will the FOGO bin cost me more?

No, there will be no additional costs to residents for the standard three bin FOGO service.

Will my bin smell?

The lime green lidded FOGO bin will be collected weekly so it shouldn’t smell any more than your general waste bin does now.

Your red lidded rubbish bin will be collected fortnightly.

Many items that cause odours can go in the FOGO bin.

You can reduce FOGO bin smells by:

  • Wrapping food scraps in newspaper
  • Using compostable bags
  • Layering food waste with dry materials, like lawn clippings & dirty cardboard
  • Freezing particularly odorous food scraps, like seafood, and put them in the FOGO bin the night before collection.
What about nappies?

Nappies should be placed in your red lidded general waste bin. Emptying the poo down the toilet and securing the nappy in a plastic bag will minimise odours. Research shows that nappies smell progressively worse for four days then do not smell any worse (or better) after that. So, a red lid bin containing nappies smells no worse after a fortnight than it does after a week.

Modern cloth nappies are a great way to reduce your waste as a new parent. They are easier to use than you think, save money, and create less waste. Follow our Eventbrite to be notified of our new Modern Cloth Nappy workshop – You’ll get to touch and feel the various types of cloth nappies, learn how to fit one, learn the secrets for effective washing and discover how to keep your baby’s skin healthy.


Cottesloe slide presentation May 2022


If you have any questions not covered by the FAQs above, please give us a call on 9384 6711 or email to speak with our Communication and Education team; we’re here to help.